Associates of Dental Arts
Dr. Gregory Kivett

What are the causes of bleeding gums?

Signs of gum disease, such as bleeding gums, gum recession, and bad breath must be taken seriously. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, schedule a consultation with Associates of Dental Arts as soon as possible. Our team offers laser treatment options for adults with gum disease and can help you restore your oral health.

Gum Disease

Poor oral hygiene practices, such as skipping your tooth brushing and flossing regimen, can cause bacteria to grow in your mouth. As bacteria grow and thrive, they can cause inflammation of the gums that results in bleeding, redness, and swelling. In fact, bleeding of the gums is one of the first warning signs of gum disease. In its early stages, gum disease can be reversed with early treatment and appropriate home care.

If you ignore the early signs of gum disease, it can develop into periodontitis which is characterized by bone loss and potential tooth loss. While there is no cure for periodontal disease at this time, it can be managed with periodontal therapy, maintenance cleanings at our office, and appropriate home care practices. It is also a good idea for adults with gum disease to undergo periodic screenings and thorough dental exams to detect the presence of the disease, even after treatment.


Some medications can increase the risk of bleeding gums. If you are taking aspirin, NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), birth control pills, blood thinners, or some types of blood pressure medications, you may be at risk for developing bleeding gums. Be sure to tell our team about any medical conditions and medications you are currently taking or have recently taken, especially if your gums are bleeding regularly.


Increased hormone levels during pregnancy can make the gums bleed easily when flossing, brushing, and even eating. In some cases, the gums might bleed spontaneously. Pregnancy gingivitis often occurs during and right after pregnancy when hormone levels tend to increase. This is why regular dental cleanings and a great home care regimen are even more important during pregnancy. Periodontal disease has been linked to premature delivery and low birth weight babies. 

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